21 Dec What Were The Terms Of The Munich Agreement
“Czechoslovakia decided on 30 September to accept all Munich conditions. On the morning of 30 September, Benes addressed the Soviet ambassador desperately. “Czechoslovakia is faced with the choice to start the war with Germany and has Britain and France against it,… or capitulate to the aggressor. What would be the attitude of the U.S.S.R. towards these two possibilities, “that is, a continuation of the struggle or the capitulation”? Before the Soviet government could discuss the issue, another telegram told them that no answer was needed: “The Czechoslovakian government has already decided to accept all the conditions.” It is hard to believe that the investigation was conducted seriously. Benea remained true to his determination that Czechoslovakia could not fight alone or with Soviet Russia as a single ally. Years later, in 1944, he claimed that the Polish threat to Ticino had given him the last push for surrender; if so, it was just a boost in the direction in which he had decided to go. He still believed – rightly, it turned out – that Hitler was going to spread himself; but the trial lasted longer than he had hoped. Meanwhile, the Czechs were spared the horrors of war, not only in 1938, but during World War II.
After that, looking at Prague from the presidential palace, the heirs could say, “Isn`t that beautiful? The only city in Central Europe is not destroyed. And everything I do.  The agreement was widely welcomed. French Prime Minister Daladier did not believe, as one scholar put it, that a European war was justified “to keep three million Germans under Czech sovereignty.” But the same is true for Alsace-Lorraine, unlike the alliance between France and Czechoslovakia against German aggression. Gallup Polls, in Britain, France and the United States, said the majority of the population supported the agreement. In 1939, Czechoslovakian President Beneé was nominated for the Nobel Peace Prize.  The American historian William L. Shirer estimated in his “Rise and Fall of the Third Reich” (1960) that Czechoslovakia, although Hitler was not bluffing about its intention to invade, could have resisted considerably. Shirer believed that Britain and France had sufficient air defence to avoid severe bombing of London and Paris, and could have waged a swift and fruitful war against Germany.  He quotes Churchill as saying that the agreement means that “Britain and France are in a much worse position than Hitler`s Germany.”  After personally inspecting the Czech fortifications, Hitler privately told Joseph Goebbels that “we shed a lot of blood” and that it was fortunate that there had been no fighting.  While France and the United States relied on war prevention, Britain supported the emergency of the Sudeten Germans. Czechoslovakia was heavily dependent on the support of Great Britain and France, but it did not.
On the contrary, Britain and France urged Czechoslovakia to yield to the demands of the Sudeten Germans. However, the Czechoslovakian government should not be incriminated. Czechoslovakian President Edvard Beneé even mobilized the army. Because the Germans wanted the Western powers to abandon the Czechs, they published in the press in August, the same month that Germany deployed 750,000 soldiers along the Czechoslovakian border. London, FridayThe Munich agreement gives Hitler everything he wants (first), except to the extent that he may not be quite able to get it as quickly as he would have done under Godesberg`s full ultimatum. He will begin tomorrow the invasion of Czechoslovakia, as he threatened in his speech of 12 September. It is free to occupy all the regions where the Sudeten Germans are the majority, and this by leaps and bounds.